The Cerrado Fact Sheet
The Cerrado is one of the largest areas of ecological importance in South America, second only to the Amazon. It covers an area of over 2 million km2, equivalent to 25% of Brazil’s landmass, bordering the Amazon and Atlantic forests. The Cerrado’s vegetation varies greatly between savannah (61%), woodland (32%) and grassland (7%).
Most of the 43 million people that live in the biome live in urban centres, including Brasília, Belo Horizonte and Cuiabá, and an estimated 12.5 million people depend directly upon the biome’s natural resources for their income or subsistence. As of early 2016, 44% of the Cerrado’s native vegetation had been cleared for farming, primarily as a result of large-scale commercial agriculture, which developed in the 1970s and intensified from the 1980s onwards. This contrasts with the Amazon, where roughly 12% of native vegetation has been converted to farmland.
Download our fact sheet for more information on this biome.